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The Dark Side of Chocolate; Child Slavery Behind the Cocoa Industry

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Cocoa trees are grown on small, independent farms of fewer than 5 hectares. Small farm sizes in the cocoa industry mean that production is heavily decentralized among hundreds of thousands of farmers. It is estimated that there are over 4.5 million small scale cocoa producers worldwide. These producers are scattered about the globe, but are generally located within 20 degrees of the equator, where the climate is most suitable for the crop. Altogether, producers across the globe supply 4 million tons of cocoa beans annually, and Ghana and Cote D’Ivoire now produce 70% of the world’s cocoa supply.

Persuasive Essay : Ending Religious Discrimination in Indonesia

by : Raditya Darningtyas
Tohir, a 50 years old Shia Muslim, still remembers a mob of over hundred men stomping their feet at the ground, coming to his village. He still remembers rocks were being thrown at people, women rushing into their house, panic and fear spinning out of their eyes. He still remembers the mob burning down more than 30 houses, forcing villagers to run seeking refuge at the sports hall, all the while expressing their angry snarls with assailing remarks ‘Burn the Shias’ houses’ and ‘Kill the Shia’. He still remembers the mob was armed with swords and sickles and other objects they deemed decent as weapons. He still remembers the mob hacking his brother to death, after his fruitless effort to calm them down. The memories are still fresh breathing in his head. Alongside hundreds other villagers, nothing that they do could possibly erase the trauma from their painful retention. Shia is one of the two main branches of Islam (Sunni & Shia) that rejects the first thr…

Literary Analysis The Catcher in the Rye : Holden Cauffield; Complete Failure in Reaching Maturity

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by : Raditya Darningtyas
According to Wikipedia, maturity psychologically means the ability to respond to the environment in an appropriate manner. Since the term ‘appropriate’ is too subjective of a word, Dr. William Menninger established the progressive stages of emotional maturity as the criteria whether or not someone is a hundred percent matured. Menninger’s criteria are carefully listed with the intention that it has to be followed in order without skipping any step. According to Menninger, an emotionally immature person possesses the following characteristics: Having the ability to deal constructively with reality; having the capacity to adapt to change; having a freedom from symptoms that are produced by tensions and anxieties; having the capacity to find more satisfaction in giving than receiving; having the capacity to relate to others in a consistent manner with mutual satisfaction and helpfulness; having the capacity to direct one’s instinctive hostile energy into creative…